Learn to Crochet- How To Make A Foundation Chain (FC)- Photo Tutorial

Welcome to the first of many of my planned Tutorials!

In this first tutorial, you will find instructions on how to make the Foundation Chain (FC), which is the first step for most people when learning how to crochet.

There are a few different methods for how to begin a crocheted project, however, learning how to make a basic Foundation Chain (FC) is, I believe, the best and most important first method to learn. It is the most basic method, and the simplest.

The FC (also called a base chain or a starting chain), as the name implies, lays the foundation for what you are going to make. It is the FC in which your crochet stitches will be made.

In the instructions below, I used Peaches & Creme 100% cotton worsted weight 4-ply yarn and a size I/9 5.5 mm crochet hook.

If you are right-handed, hold the crochet hook in your right hand and the working yarn in your left hand. Likewise, if you are left-handed, hold the crochet hook in your left hand and the working yarn in your right hand.  I am right-handed, so my instructions are shown accordingly. The instructions for crocheting are the same for either hand, just working in the opposite direction.

I hold my hook kind of like how I hold a knife, with my index finger against the handle of the crochet hook, close to the the hook, as shown in this photo:


How to hold a crochet hook

In the photo in Step 3 below, you can see how I hold the working yarn. Most crocheters hold their hook and yarn in a fashion such as this, but as you get use to crocheting, you might find a way more comfortable and more suitable for yourself.

When making your FC, be sure to not pull on the yarn too tightly. The tension needs to be a bit loose so that it’s easy to pull your stitches through. If you find your tension to be a bit too tight, just start over and try again. In the beginning, I think that every crocheter (even those who are now professionals) have dealt with tension issues. As you practice you will find your natural tension, and then will be able to adjust your hook sizes accordingly.

Now, get your hook and yarn ready and let’s learn how to crochet!


1. Make a slip knot


2. Insert the hook into the loop of the slip knot


3. Wrap the yarn around the hook, and then pull the wrapped yarn (following the arrow) through the loop that is on the hook


This is what your first chain will look like. The red “V” shows where the first chain is. Repeat Step 3 until you have the amount of chains that you need for your project.


This is what your work will look like with 2 chains made. Again, the red “V” shows where the chains are.


And this is what 10 chains looks like in a Foundation Chain

Now, practice, practice, practice.

Once you’ve mastered how to work a Foundation Chain, you are then able to move on to learning the basic crochet stitches, which I will cover in future posts! Keep your eyes on this space, as I will update you when the next tutorial is published!

UPDATE JUNE 23, 2018: The next tutorial, for learning the Single Crochet, is here!  Learn To Crochet- How To Make A Single Crochet (SC) & Weave In Ends- Photo Tutorial

Happy Hookin’!




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